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United States of America PEO Employment Services by Velocity Global

Employer of Record in the USA

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The United States of America at a Glance

  • Currency: United States Dollar, USD ($)
  • Population: 337.34 million (3rd largest)
  • Economy/GDP: $19.85 trillion (2nd largest)
  • Top Sectors: Healthcare, technology, construction, retail, non-durable manufacturing.
  • Ease of Doing Business: Ranks 6 in the world, according to the World Bank’s latest Doing Business report from 2019
  • Languages: The United States doesn’t have an official national language. However, English has acquired official status in 32 of the 50 states. Nearly 80% of the total population speaks English.

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Grow Your Team in the USA

Velocity Global simplifies expanding into the United States of America with our Employer of Record solution. By partnering with an employer of record in the USA, you don’t need to establish an entity to grow your business. Instead, we expedite the international employee onboarding process, payroll, compliance, and risk mitigation.

Our streamlined method accelerates your business’ international development compared to entity setup. Velocity Global hires candidates on your behalf in compliance with local labor laws to ensure a quick, simplified employment experience.

Accelerate your international business growth with a trusted expert. To learn more about our Employer of Record in the USA, connect with us.

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Benefits of hiring in the USA

  • The USA is one of the world’s largest national economies and a top global trader. The country’s population represents less than 5% of the world yet Americans earn more than 20% of the world’s total income.
  • The economy in the United States of America has a highly-progressed and state of the art tech services sector, which accounts for nearly 80% of its output.
  • USA corporations play a major global role, where more than 20% of companies on the Fortune Global 500 list call the United States their home.
  • The United States of America maintains its powerhouse economic status with access to abundant natural resources, a sophisticated physical infrastructure, and a large, well-educated, productive workforce.

Challenges of hiring in the USA

  • The USA faces a chronic trade deficit, as imports greatly outweigh the value of American goods and services exported to other countries.
  • For many Americans, household incomes have stagnated since the 1970s, as household debt has reached record highs.
  • The United States of America has significantly increasing income and wealth inequalities, which overlap territorial and racial inequalities.

Cultural nuances and must-knows of doing business in the USA

  • American business culture perceives punctuality as respect. Arriving late to a meeting can reflect poorly on professionalism.
  • Americans often bring a friendly atmosphere to business culture by introducing humor to meetings and conversations.
  • Depending on the size and the culture of the specific business, all colleagues present at a meeting are welcome to share their view regardless of age or business hierarchy.
  • Americans can be uncomfortable with silence during a meeting and they will likely fill it with discussion.
  • If disagreement is bluntly shown, it is not negatively reflected on the colleague who shared the ideas. If ideas are negated, do not feel offended.
  • American colleagues are open and hasty with their communication, seeking to quickly reach a decision.
  • Americans usually work longer than other cultures, although not usually by choice. There is typically a social pressure to not take leave from work.
  • If a dispute arises with American colleagues, it is best to speak directly and privately with them to resolve the matter. Discuss the problem in the specific context in which it occurred to avoid it being perceived as a criticism of character.

Wages and Salaries in the USA

Minimum wage

  • The United States of America has a national minimum wage of USD 7.25 per hour. About 30 out of 50 states have minimum wage laws that exceed the national minimum wage. In cases where an employee is subject to minimum wage laws from both the state and the federal governments, the employee is entitled to the higher wage.

Probation periods

  • The United States does not have a statutory requirement for a minimum probation period. However, employers are able to set the probation period between 60 and 90 days. Formal probation periods are quite uncommon in the United States since employment relationships are mostly at-will. At-will employment gives employers the ability to terminate employment without cause at any time, without notice or severance obligation.

Bonuses

  • There is no legal obligation for an employer to provide a bonus to employees. Employers are free to determine the rules of any bonus plans at their own discretion.

Onboarding

  • In the United States, a written employment contract is not required. However, some states have wage theft laws which require employers to inform, in writing, an employee’s compensation and benefits.
  • Most states presume at-will employment relationships, permitting employers to dismiss employees without notice and without cause, provided that the reason for the dismissal is not unlawful.

Termination and notice periods

  • The employment relationship is at-will in the United States, which means employers and employees can terminate the employment relationship with no notice, provided it is not for an unlawful reason. However, employment contracts and agreements have the ability to specify a notice period, if agreed upon between employer and employee.
  • There is no legal obligation in the United States for employers to offer severance payments to employees. However, employment contracts and agreements have the ability to specify a severance payment benefit, if agreed upon between employer and employee.
  • Employers are not required by national law to immediately give former employees their final paycheck. However, states have various laws concerning when an employee needs to receive their final paycheck after termination.

Leave Entitlements in the USA

Annual leave

  • American labor law does not have a statutory requirement to pay employees for time off of work for vacation or holidays. According to a report from the Center for Economic and Policy Research, the United States of America is the only advanced economy in the world that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation days and paid holidays.

Parental leave

  • The USA is the only wealthy country in the world without guaranteed paid parental leave, at the national level. Nine states and the District of Columbia have statutory requirements for some degree of paid parental leave.
  • A national law called the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) entitles new parents12 weeks of unpaid leave during a 12-month period to care for a child. However, there are eligibility requirements to qualify for the unpaid leave.

Sick

  • The American labor code does not designate employers to provide paid sick leave for employees.
  • A national law called the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) entitles eligible employees to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in a 12-month period for serious health conditions, which make employees unable to complete the essential functions of their job.

National and regional holidays

  • The United States has 11 annual national public holidays. The following are national holidays recognized by all of the United States:
    • New Year’s Day (January 1)
    • Martin Luther King’s Birthday (third Monday in January)
    • President George Washington’s Birthday (third Monday in February)
    • Memorial Day (last Monday in May)
    • Juneteenth National Independence Day (June 19)
    • Independence Day (July 4)
    • Labor Day (first Monday in September)
    • Columbus Day (second Monday in October)
    • Veterans’ Day (November 11)
    • Thanksgiving Day (fourth Thursday in November)
    • Christmas Day (December 25)
  • Holidays are designated by each state. They can recognize more holidays than determined by the national government.

Benefits in the USA

  • The Department of Labor is responsible for the administration of national laws governing occupational safety and health, wage standards, and unemployment benefits.
  • The Department of Health and Human Services oversees and administers national programs which protect Americans’ health, such as Medicare, Medicaid, and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. These programs are national health insurance schemes for anyone aged 65 and older, people with limited income, people with disabilities, and children in families that earn too much money to qualify for Medicaid.
  • The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the country’s national social insurance program, including old-age retirement pensions, pensions due to death, disability benefits, and survivor benefits.

Tax and Social Security in the USA

  • The USA taxes its residents on their worldwide income, not solely their USA-sourced income. The USA taxes its non-residents on their USA-sourced income alone.
  • The United States of America tax residency is determined by the length of stay in the country. People are tax residents in the United States of America if they are present in the country for a minimum of 31 days during the current year, in addition to 183 days throughout the three-year term, including the current year and the two previous years prior.

Thresholds

  • As of 2022, the USA income tax brackets are the following for single taxpayers:
    • Up to USD 10,275: 10%
    • USD 10,276 to USD 41,775: 12%
    • USD 41,776 to USD 89,075: 22%
    • USD 89,076 to USD 170,050: 24%
    • USD 170,051 to USD 215,950: 32%
    • USD 215,951 to USD 539,900: 35%
    • Above USD 539,901: 37%
  • As of 2022, the USA income tax brackets are the following for married taxpayers filing jointly:
    • Up to USD 20,550: 10%
    • USD 20,551 to USD 83,550: 12%
    • USD 83,551 to USD 178,150: 22%
    • USD 178,151 to USD 340,100: 24%
    • USD 340,101 to USD 431,900: 32%
    • USD 431,901 to USD 647,850: 35%
    • Above USD 647,851: 37%
  • As of 2022, the USA income tax brackets are the following for head-of-household taxpayers:
    • Up to USD 14,650: 10%
    • USD 14,651 to USD 55,900: 12%
    • USD 55,901 to USD 89,050: 22%
    • USD 89,051 to USD 170,050: 24%
    • USD 170,051 to USD 215,950: 32%
    • USD 215,951 to USD 539,900: 35%
    • Above USD 539,901: 37%
  • As of 2022, the USA income tax brackets are the following for married taxpayers filing separately:
    • Up to USD 10,275: 10%
    • USD 10,276 to USD 41,775: 12%
    • USD 41,776 to USD 89,075: 22%
    • USD 89,076 to USD 170,050: 24%
    • USD 170,051 to USD 215,950: 32%
    • USD 215,951 to USD 323,925: 35%
    • Above USD 323,926: 37%

Health

  • The USA healthcare system consists of public and private providers. However, the majority of the population receives care through private healthcare companies.
  • The federal government supplies partial funding to the national health insurance program for adults aged 65 and older, known as Medicare. The federal government also provides partial funding for various programs for veterans and people with low incomes, known as Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. Individual states manage and pay for particular features of local health insurance coverage. It is worth noting that the government only provides partial funding, so individuals must cover the remainder to gain access to these healthcare programs.
  • Private health insurance is the common form of coverage in the United States of America and is predominantly provided by employers. For a majority of Americans, out-of-pocket payments are the primary means of financing their healthcare.

Pension

  • Social Security is the United States’ old-age retirement pension. Employees are subject to eligibility requirements as follows:
    • Americans born before 1960 receive Social Security benefits from the age of 65.
    • Americans born after 1960 receive Social Security benefits from the age of 67.
    • Americans are eligible to receive Social Security benefits from the age of 62. However, they can expect a 5-6% reduction in their pension.
    • At least 10 years of work is required to qualify for Social Security benefits. Although, the federal government calculates an employee’s Social Security benefits based on their highest 35 years of earnings. If an employee does not have 35 years of earnings by the time they apply for Social Security benefits, their pension is reduced.

Payroll in the USA

Tax dates

  • In the United States, the tax year is the calendar year. Tax returns need to be filed by April 15.

Cycle

  • State laws vary regarding the timing of payment for work. Bi-weekly and weekly pay periods are the most common payroll cycles, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Average hours

  • In general, there are no national restrictions on employee working hours in the United States. Some states have legal requirements regarding rest and meal periods within employees’ working hours. However, employees across the country typically work 40 hours per week.

Overtime

  • Although employee working hours are not restricted, the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires workers who work more than 40 hours per week to receive overtime payment of 1.5 times their regular hourly wage.

Why Work in the USA?

The United States of America consists of 50 states, the District of Columbia, and five territories: American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the USA Virgin Islands. The United States of America is bordered to the north by Canada, to the south by Mexico, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. The USA is the world’s third-largest country in terms of population and landmass, with over 330 million people and nearly 4 million square miles or 10 million square kilometers.

The USA economy is one of the world’s largest, wealthiest, and most diversified countries. It is led by a highly productive services industry, advanced manufacturing, and exceptional research and development. From its top-ranked GDP to its influential stock exchange, the USA market greatly impacts the rest of the world. Additionally, the USA Federal Reserve Bank is the largest financial influence worldwide. Corporations in the USA share a considerable part in the global economy by leading the world in providing business to entrepreneurs. However, American small businesses also have a powerful role in the USA economy, as they employ nearly half of the American workforce. The USA remains an international economic authority due to its vast natural resources, modern infrastructure, and educated and productive workforce.

Those searching for reasons to work and live in the USA can look forward to high living standards, quality education, streamlined bureaucracy, career opportunities, and stunning natural beauty. Furthermore, you can expect a diversity of cultures and cuisine, mega stores, top tier entertainment, and ample room to breathe as Americans have over twice as much living space as a European resident. Americans share cultural values that heavily emphasize a can-do attitude, forward thinking, individualism, achievement, assertiveness, and freedom.

The United States’ climate varies due to its relatively large size. The country’s climate is highly diverse, ranging from tropical conditions in the south to arctic and alpine conditions in the north. Temperatures for the continental USA show a strong gradient across regions and seasons, from very high temperatures in southern coastal states to much colder conditions in the north along the Canadian border.

The United States has become one of the most visited destinations in the world. The country offers its residents and visitors generous opportunities for leisure and entertainment. The USA is world-known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Statue of Liberty in New York to the Hollywood Sign and Golden Gate Bridge in California. The country also offers wide open spaces and fantastic natural beauty. There are 58 national parks across the country, ranging from the highest peaks in Alaska to the Everglades of Florida. The country’s bustling major cities are packed with world-class entertainment, including New York’s Broadway, the Las Vegas strip, and Nashville’s Grand Ole Opry. Sports and game attendance are an important piece of American culture. The country’s food culture reflects the immense diversity of USA residents, as immigrant communities have shaped American food. From southern comfort soul food, to hotdishes in the Midwest region, to lobster rolls in the Northeast, and Tex-Mex in the south, there are endless options to explore.

Due to the country’s size, the easiest and fastest way to travel around the United States of America depends on the specific location. As a whole, personal vehicles are the mode of choice for three-quarters of the population. However, in most urban areas, public transportation is heavily relied on as an affordable, time efficient, and convenient option.

The USA is internationally revered for its robust economy, stunning scenery, and great diversity. If you’re looking for a place to expand your business in North America, the USA is a country worth exploring.

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Countries We Serve

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